Immunization in Children

Immunization is a method of protecting the human body against infectious diseases. This can happen through vaccination. Immunization in children prepares child’s body to fight against diseases so that we do not have any chances of getting these diseases in future. Some babies are born with some natural immunity power. They get this from their mother and also through breast-feeding. Once the baby’s own immune system starts to develop, this gradually wears off. When you are having your child immunized, it gives your child extra protection against illnesses which can otherwise pose threat to your child’s life.

The vaccinations should start when the baby is 1 1/2 months old. There will be questions as to what should be done if the baby is brought late for vaccination. Even if the baby is brought late for vaccinations, she should still receive all the vaccinations. It is the best to follow the ideal immunization schedule. The baby should not be denied vaccinations under any conditions. All attempts should be made to complete full immunization, before the child reaches the age of one year.

If the child gets blisters after giving vaccination, there is no need to worry. This is a normal reaction after an injection. About 4 to 6 weeks after giving the immunization injection, it is likely that a small lump called a papule appears at the place where injection is given. This may later break and give out a whitish discharge. This will heal in about 10 to 12 weeks after the injection has been given. A scar may remain however. If the discharge continues, the doctor should be consulted.

Some children can get side effects of vaccination. Very few infants and children develop side effects after immunization. After the D.P.T. injection, sometimes the infant may have pain at the site of the injection. Later the child may even develop fever. In that case the baby may be given paracetamol.

Very rarely, some children can have allergic reactions right after immunization. If the baby develops high fever or loses consciousness, the doctor should be consulted immediately. Some people giving immunizations are trained to deal with allergic reactions. If the child is treated promptly, he or she will recover fully and in a short time.

If it is not possible to take the baby for the second and third vaccinations after precisely a month, it is not necessary that the whole course has to be repeated again. A slight delay is ok.

You should continue with the vaccinations as per the schedule. You must complete the course as soon as possible. Only after that, the child will be fully protected. It is very important to take the baby for the vaccination at the correct time.