Importance and Definition of Child Psychology
Psychological development in a human being is a dynamic process which begins at birth and matures through a series of sequential stages resulting in specific characteristic behavior. These stages are governed by genetic, familial, cultural, interpersonal and inter-psychic factors. The aim of this article is to identify the aspects and importance of child psychology. Read on to know more.
Psychology: Is the science of dealing with human nature, function and phenomenon of the soul.
Child Psychology: Is the science dealing with the mental power or interaction between the conscious and subconscious elements in a child.
Importance of Child Psychology: As a parent, it is very important to understand a child’s behavior in order to help them adapt to various situations in life. From a medical perspective, child psychology is important for the following reasons:
- To understand the child better.
- To know that some problems have a psychological origin.
- To deliver dental care in a meaningful and effective manner.
- To establish effective communication between the child and the parent.
- To gain confidence of the child and of the parent.
- To teach parents and children the importance of primary and preventive care.
- To have better treatment planning and interaction with other medical disciplines.
- To produce a comfortable environment for a dental team to work on a child patient.
This theory was proposed by Eric Erickson in 1963. Erickson concentrated on a child’s development covering the entire span of their life cycle from infancy to childhood through old age. Unlike Freud, Erickson emphasized the conscious self as much as unconscious instincts. Despite certain differences, they both share some of the important assumptions which include the following:
- Development depends upon a child’s instincts and responses of those around him or her.
- Unresolved issues from early stages of life can affect a person’s ability to deal with subsequent stages.
Erickson described eight stages of the life cycle which are manifested by internal crises defined as the turning points or periods.
The above article discusses about the Psychology, Child Psychology and the Importance of Child Psychology.