Child care

How to Treat Bone Bruising in Children?

A fall or an impact on an area of the body can sometimes result in a bone bruise.  Such injuries are painful and can swell in a short time.  If your child has an injury which is causing a lot of pain and swelling, find out if it is a bone bruise.

Here is all the information to make sure your offspring will run around soon again after the injury!

What is a bone bruising? Bruised Knees

Bone bruising is most common in areas of the body in which the bone is covered only by thin tissue.  Small blood vessels get torn within the periosteum, which causes a bone bruise.  The outer area of the bone is damaged with small cracks, but the bone is not broken.

This injury is very painful at first. As it heals, it will be painful only when you press on the affected area.

Typical complaints at the beginning are stabbing pain in the joint, then swelling and partial discoloration. Moreover, mobility is limited, and it will be painful to move the bruised body part. It can also be painful when not moving it at all.

What can you do?

    • Cooling, but the right way: Cooling reduces pain and prevents excessive swelling. If you use ice to cool, avoid direct skin contact since kids have sensitive skin. Wrap the ice in a plastic bag or a towel before you put it on the affected area. Also cool packs, cold spray, gel packs, or a bag of frozen peas can be applied.  Soaking in cool water may also help relieve the pain. It is important not to cool the injured area for more than a half hour at a time.
    • Don’t cool open wounds:If your child has an open wound, don’t cool the area.
    • Home remedies:You don’t necessarily need to give your child painkillers. A cooling curd compress will reduce the swelling and pain. Put thick curd around the affected area and put a thin cloth over it. Also, arnica cream, aluminum acetate, or chamomile extract gel are good ways to treat bone bruising in children.   These treatments don’t have any side effects. Arnica preparations for oral intake or spagyric may accelerate the healing process. Ask your pharmacist for advice to find the right treatment.
    • Medication: If you want to give your child a painkiller to relieve pain, administer children’s Tylenol or a prescribed medication. Read the label carefully for the dosage and for the manufacturer’s details.
    • Bed Rest:You may need to keep your child in bed for 3-5 days during the acute phase after the initial injury. During this condition, the surrounding tissue and the bone is extremely and particularly delicate. Any activity or a random movement can aggravate the condition and can cause further damage or an injury.  Your doctor may prefer to have the injury put in a splint so that your child can have more mobility without aggravating the injury.

Boy with Bruised Forehead

  • Return to normal: Allow your child to return to normal or moderate activity after the 3-5 days rest period is up. Cancel all physical activities such as running and jumping until there is no more inflammation and swelling. Allow the body to get back to the moderate range of activities as early as possible, for movement  helps to promote healing.
  • Protect your child: Good quality shoes support the feet of your child and prevent turning of the ankles.  For some sports, such as biking, skateboarding, skating or playing soccer, a helmet and knee and elbow pads make sense. But keep in mind that minor falls and bumps are normal for all children.

Remember that bone bruising can take a lot of time to heal. So be patient and comfort your child with a lot of love and care.

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