Child care

Treatment for Dental Caries in Children

Treatment for dental caries, which includes cavities and tooth decay, differs from patient to patient, depending on the type and severity of the condition. The treatment for fully affected teeth to regenerate is not possible. But, remineralization (the process where calcium from the saliva and other sources replaces the toothai??i??s lost calcium) can be possible in very small lesions with optimum dental hygiene.

Treatment for Dental Caries in Children
Some of the treatment techniques used for cavities and tooth decay in children are listed below:

  • The treatment for small lesions include topical fluoride which encourages remineralization.
  • For larger lesions, the treatment can be done only to stop the further process of the tooth decay. But, there is no treatment for remineralization.
  • Early treatment is generally less painful.
  • But, as the disease condition progresses from mild to moderate or severe, the treatment becomes more painful. Thus, anesthetics such as laughing gas (nitrous oxide) or other medications are given before the treatment to relieve pain.
  • Decayed material from an affected tooth can be removed with the help of a dental hand piece like a ai???drill.ai???
  • If the decay progresses into the pulp cavity or the dentin, then the dentist uses a spoon, which is a dental instrument to clean the decayed material.
  • Once the decayed material is removed, the dentist does a dental restoration to return the functionality and aesthetic condition of the tooth.
  • Some of the restorative materials include porcelain, composite resin, gold, and dental amalgam.
  • Porcelain and composite resin can be made to look like the natural teeth of the patient. Thus, these are more frequently used when aesthetics are concerned.
  • Some dentists recommend gold and dental amalgam restoration over composite restorations for posterior areas because of the greater chewing forces.
  • If a cavity is so extensive that there is no space to place the restorative material, then a crown is needed. Crowns are made of porcelain or gold and fused to a metal.
  • In some cases, endodontic therapy can be necessary to restore the tooth.
  • Tooth extraction can also be the treatment for extreme decay.

It is better to consult your dentist as he/she will gain a thorough knowledge of the condition of your teeth. Thus, he/she will be able to give you better guidance and treatment for dental caries.

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