Child care

What Is Diphtheria?

Diphtheria is a bacterial disease which is caused by Bacterium Corynebacterium Diphtheria. This disease spreads very quickly and affects the nose, tonsils, skin and throat. It can affect a five-year-old child and a 60-year-old adult as well. It is a life threatening disorder.

Is Diphtheria A Bacterial Disease?

Yes, Diphtheria is a life-threatening bacterial disease.

What Does Diphtheria Do To Your Body?

Diphtheria attacks the nose, skin, throat and tonsils. In severe cases, it can attack the heart and nerves.

Causes of Diphtheria:

Diphtheria is caused by bacteria namely, Bacterium CorynebacteriumDiphtheriae. When a person sneezes or coughs, the other person gets infected. It can spread to household items, such as glasses, towels, or utensils used by the infected person.

Symptoms of Diphtheria:

Respiratory Diphtheria:

  • Sore throat
  • Swelling of neck
  • Heart failure
  • Weakness
  • Problem in swallowing

Cutaneous Diphtheria:

  • Swollen skin
  • Painful
  • Red skin rash

Treatment of Diphtheria:

  • The treatment of diphtheria is not at all difficult. Cutaneous diphtheria can be cured by antibiotics, such as Penicillin and Erythromycin, which can be taken orally.
  • Antitoxin therapy is essential in all cases. Since the disease is very rare, the antitoxin is also not easily available.
  • Children suffering from diphtheria should be kept isolated.

Prevention of Diphtheria:

It can be prevented by vaccination. Though vaccination will not always prevent diphtheria, it can prevent the transmission of the disease and local tissues spread. People or children who are not able to get the vaccine can be given an antibiotics course.

When To Call Doctor?

As soon as you find symptoms of diphtheria in your child or in any other family member, call your doctor immediately. Make sure that your child is vaccinated. If your child is not already vaccinated, make sure to get your child vaccinated before it is too late.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *