Egocentrism – Egocentrism in Early Childhood
Egocentrism in psychology is defined as the incomplete differentiation of the self and the world. In other terms it is the tendency to perceive, interpret, and understand the world in one’s own terms.
It has been seen that an egocentric person cannot present himself fully in front of others. Normally, egocentrism is found in young kids. They are so small and their experiences are so limited that they do not have the ability to understand the perception of others.
Egocentrism In Early Childhood:
Most children below the age of 7 years do not have the ability to understand the view point of others. If you ask them to perform any activity, they will do it in their own style. They do not care about the specific instructions they were given to complete the task.
Egocentrism is present in young kids because when they are in their infant stage (below the age of 2 years) they are just beginning to learn about the environment around them and how to interact with it. When they reach the toddler or preschool stage (age in between 2- 6 years) they learn how to present themselves to the world, but they are still unable to understand and distinguish the view point of others. When these kids enter the middle childhood stage (age 6 – 12 years) they become capable enough to understand and distinguish between different viewpoints. It is at this stage that egocentrism starts to decline.
Examples Of Egocentrism:
Egocentrism can be understood by the following example. If you give an activity to children in the age group of 2-6 years, for instance ask them to pluck flowers of certain species and of specific color. They will not be able to do the task according to your requirement. They will bring the flowers which they will find interesting. It is because they are egocentric. But, if you give the same task to children who are in the age group of 7-12 years, they will perform the task more precisely as they are able to understand the view point of others.